Copyright © Global Dental Shop, Owned And Managed By GDS LLC
11 of the Most Essential Suturing Techniques for Oral Surgery Success
Mastering Suturing Techniques: Essential Principles for Success
Suturing is a crucial skill in oral surgery. Whether you're a seasoned pro or just starting, adhering to key principles is essential for precise and effective suturing. In this post, we'll explore some of these principles concisely to help you achieve excellent results.
1. Needle Holder Placement
- Grasp the needle with the holder at about one-third of its length. This provides control and accuracy during suturing.
2. Entry Angle
- Insert the needle perpendicular to the tissue surface. Avoid oblique angles to prevent tissue tears and ensure a smooth closure.
3. Follow the Needle's Curve
- When passing the needle through tissue, follow its natural curve to minimize damage and maintain aesthetics.
- Keep sutures equidistant from the incision on both sides and at an equal depth for uniform closure.
- Always pass the needle from free tissue to fixed tissue. In thinner tissue, start from thin to thick, and in uneven planes, go from deep to superficial.
6. Needle Depth
- Insert the needle deeper than the distance from the tissue edge for secure sutures.
7. Needle Size
- Avoid excessive tissue bites with small needles. Choose the right size based on tissue thickness.
8. Tension Management
- Don't close tissues under tension; it can cause tearing or necrosis. Undermine tissues if needed for a stress-free closure.
9. Knot Placement
- Tie sutures to approximate tissue and evert edges. Avoid knotting directly over the incision to prevent damage.
10 Suture Spacing
- Space sutures approximately 3-4mm apart. For tension-prone areas, use closer spacing for better support.
11. Suture Selection (IMPORTANT!)
- Vitality Sutures™ are the best option for implementing the above principles and are designed to lead suture material through the gum with minimal pressure and injury. A variety of suture materials and needle combinations are available depending on the particular oral surgery or periodontic procedure.
Suturing is a crucial skill. These concise principles will guide you to success in various suturing situations. Practice and commitment to these principles will elevate your suturing skills and ensure optimal results.